Inherited IRA Rules 2022: Are There New IRS Regulations?

Written By Colin Kuehn  |  Precious Metals IRA 

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10-Year Rule

The SECURE Act requires most beneficiaries of an IRA to begin drawing down their inherited account within ten years of the owner's death. This prevents beneficiaries from stretching out the payments over the beneficiary's life. There are exceptions to this rule, however. For example, if the owner had a spouse or minor children, the rule does not apply. However, adult children will still be subject to the 10-year rule, which means that they will likely need to start taking withdrawals sooner than they planned.

There are a few ways to avoid this tax burden. One option is to convert your IRA to a Roth IRA. However, this option requires conversion taxes and may require you to pay some fees. Regardless of the method you choose, you should consult with a financial professional to learn more about the 10 year rule.

The 10-year rule applies to both traditional and Roth IRAs. While your spouse will be exempt, non-spouse beneficiaries must withdraw their entire IRA balance within 10 years of the owner's death. If you're not a spouse, you have other options if you inherit an IRA.

Another option is to designate a trust as your beneficiary of an IRA. However, this option limits your beneficiaries' choices. You should also ensure that any beneficiary designations are current. If your beneficiary changes his/her mind about the beneficiaries, make sure to update the beneficiary designations in the trust.

There are a few exceptions to this rule. For example, the spouse of an account holder, minor children, and disabled children are exempt from the 10-year rule. For minor children, it applies only until they reach age of majority. If you choose to designate more than one beneficiary, you will have to establish separate accounts for them by 12/31 of the year after the account owner's death.

Life Expectancy Rule

Inheriting an IRA from a decedent has special requirements for deciding who is eligible to receive the account. If the decedent had no children, the IRA owner must choose a beneficiary who is at least ten years younger than the decedent. The designated beneficiary may be a spouse or minor child.

The beneficiary must meet the 10-year requirement by the end of the year in which the deceased passed away. However, this rule does not apply if the deceased was not an RBD. However, the IRS has proposed new regulations that affect people who did not designate a beneficiary. This would mean that beneficiaries would have to take RMDs each year for at least the next ten years.

While the SECURE Act eliminated the stretch IRA, it did not remove the non-individual beneficiary rule. The non-person beneficiary still has the option of taking life expectancy payments based on the decedent's age. This rule is applicable to both traditional and Roth IRAs.

After the SECURE Act, the rules for inherited IRAs changed. Non-spouse beneficiaries must take the account down to zero within ten years. This applies to their children, grandchildren and other family members. This means that they cannot stretch out the account distributions over a lifetime.

The surviving spouse must take periodic withdrawals from the inherited IRA. These withdrawals represent a minimum amount of money per year, based on the surviving spouse's life expectancy. It's important to consider this when inheriting an IRA. A smaller withdrawal can help an inherited IRA last longer without running out of money.

The IRS has a rule that applies to IRAs. The rule states that when an account owner dies, the beneficiary must begin taking RMDs. This rule applies to an IRA that was opened before the owner's death. If the deceased owner's spouse died before the beneficiary reached age 72, the surviving spouse must take RMDs based on the surviving spouse's life expectancy. If the surviving spouse was a non-spouse beneficiary, the surviving spouse must start taking RMDs by December 31 of the year of the deceased owner's death.

The SECURE Act changed the rules for IRA distributions after death. The rules apply to non-designated beneficiaries, as well as to estates and charities. Non-spouse beneficiaries are required to distribute all funds from an inherited retirement account by the end of the fifth year after the death of the person who made the account. The beneficiary must then continue to take distributions for the remainder of their life.

Distributions made over beneficiary's single life expectancy

Distributions from inheritable IRAs are taxed as ordinary income. Under current IRS rules, a single beneficiary has 10 years to use an inherited IRA before distributions are taxed as ordinary income. In some cases, the beneficiaries have decades to use an inherited IRA before the tax rate kicks in.

This calculation is based on the beneficiary's age and the number of years she is expected to live. For example, if she was born in 1921, she would need to take at least one withdrawal every year for the next eight years. But if she lived until age 70, she would only need to take one distribution.

One of the most complex groups is designated children. These are the children of the deceased IRA owner. These beneficiaries generally receive the most favorable tax treatment. However, they must be at least 21 years old to qualify. The IRS website lists the age at which a person is of majority.

Another way to distribute an IRA is to split it. This way, a beneficiary can tailor investments for himself or herself. Moreover, the beneficiary can choose how much money they want to take out from the IRA. Depending on the type of IRA, the distributions may be taxed as ordinary income.

While the SECURE Act does not specifically address the "As Rapidly" Rule, it does limit the number of distributions that may be taken over a beneficiary's single life expectancy. This limit applies to non-designated beneficiaries and to "see-through" trusts.

Currently, the IRS has not specified when it plans to finalize the proposed rules. But it has held public hearings on the topic. If they pass, the rules will affect beneficiaries who would otherwise be required to take their RMD in 2021.

Inheritable IRAs are taxed differently than non-spouses'. Therefore, if you plan on transferring your inherited IRA, be sure to consult a financial adviser. You can also transfer the inherited IRA to another IRA or a qualified employer plan. Alternatively, you can also transfer your inherited IRA into a 403(b) plan.

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